Volga. Rybinsk Reservoir.

A big story

Rybinsk Reservoir on the map. This is the biggest reservoir in the world!


Rybinsk Reservoir on the map. This is the biggest reservoir in the world!

Greetings Cushman! Did you know that the biggest artificial lake is situated in Russia?

And that the river Volga (the biggest river in Europe) wasn’t so wide and deep until 1930’s and 1940’s? So what happened?

People build reservoirs, including Rybinsk Reservoir.

The Rybinsk reservoir is now the biggest artificial lake in the world! It’s located on the river Volga- the largest river in Europe. It’s called after the city of Rybinsk. This reservoir was built in the period between 1936 and 1941 (1947).

Surface of the Rybinsk Reservoir.

Back then, Volga was rather narrow and shallow. It could be used for transportation over its whole length only 10 days per year. That is why the Russian government decided to make Volga deeper and wider through building reservoirs, and this the projects “Volgostroy” and “Big Volga” came into life.

In total 8 of them were built in the XXth century and 1 in the XIXth century: Verkhnevolzhskoe, Ivankov, Uglich, Rybinsk, Gorky, Cheboksary, Kuybyshev, Saratov and Volgograd reservoirs.

This is the statue in city of Rybinsk. The reservoir was named after this city.

The Rybinsk reservoir was finally build in 1941. But one thing left to do-fill it up. This process continued for 6 years until 1947! Actually, it was used before it was full. It give the energy to this day and with other 8 reservoirs, it let ships travel for 200-260 days in a year!

But with a lot of good, came a lot of bad.

  1. Before Rybinsk reservoir was build and filled, in those territories were produced best milk and breads in Russia.
  2. A lot of territories were gave up to the reservoir including several cities and hundreds of villages.
  3. 294 people stayed in those territories and died when the reservoir was filled.
  4. Hundreds others were either left without homes and given compensation in 120 rubles (in 1930’s average house had price over 1000 rubles) or left territories with their homes in form of logs.
  5. Ecosystem changed entirely, and Volga became slower. Before reservoirs were build, water could travel from Town of Dubna to Volgograd in 50 days, and after in 1 and 1/2 years!

It is for you to judge if there more good or bad in this events.

Map of the Rybink Reservoir (number 2).

Bye Cougars!

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